beta-Adrenergic regulation of cholecystokinin secretion in STC-1 cells
Previously, it has been shown that an increase in adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) levels stimulates intestinal secretion of cholecystokinin (CCK); however, the mechanisms for increasing intracellular cAMP levels are not known. Using the CCK-secreting intestinal cell line, STC-1, we evaluated whether beta-adrenergic receptors (beta-ARs) might be present on STC-1 cells and whether they stimulated CCK release through increases in cAMP. Photoaffinity labeling of beta-ARs from solubilized STC-1 cell membranes revealed photoincorporation of the agonist [I-125]iodocyanopindolol into an similar to 75-kDa band. Addition of the beta-AR agonist, isoproterenol, in the presence of 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine, produced a concentration-dependent increase in both cAMP levels and CCK release. Blockade of beta(1)- and/or beta(2)-ARs significantly inhibited isoproterenol-stimulated increases in cAMP production and CCK release. With the use of fura 2-loaded cells to measure changes in intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+](i)), isoproterenol stimulation was found to increase cytosolic Ca2+ levels. To evaluate whether this increase in [Ca2+](i) was due to release of Ca2+ or influx of Ca2+, cells were treated with the L-type calcium channel blocker, diltiazem, which inhibited isoproterenol-stimulated CCK secretion. Furthermore, in patch-clamp studies with inside-out membrane patches, addition of the catalytic subunit of protein kinase A activated diltiazem-sensitive Ca2+ channels. It is concluded that beta-ARs are present on STC-1 cells and are coupled to the production of cAMP, which may increase CCK release through a calcium-dependent process.