Approaches to the Primary Prevention of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in the Military: A Review of the Stress Control Literature
Hourani, L., Council, C., Hubal, R., & Strange, L. (2011). Approaches to the Primary Prevention of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in the Military: A Review of the Stress Control Literature. Military Medicine, 176(7), 721-730.
Numerous studies are underway, using data collected from clinical studies and data collected from surveys of combat troops, to determine the most efficacious treatment options for those diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). In contrast, little is known about the effectiveness of predeployment training in preventing or mitigating the impact of combat-related stressors on the development of PTSD. We conducted a comprehensive review of literature pertaining to primary prevention efforts to stem the advent of PTSD and other combat and operational stress injuries in military populations using databases from the peer-reviewed literature as well as online searches and colleague referrals. Results show that, as with treatment for PTSD, the most promising preventive approaches appear to utilize exposure strategies, especially those in conjunction with education and stress reduction skills training