The innate immune response is known to modify hepatocellular injury induced by toxicants. To assess the role of IL-10, a component of the innate immune response, in toxicant-induced injury of biliary epithelium, wild-type (WT) and IL-10 knockout mice (KO) were given a single toxic dose (50 mg/kg) of alpha-napthylisothiocyanate (ANIT) and assessed at twenty-four-hour intervals for four days following treatment. Clinical signs of toxicity were greater in WT mice. Unexpectedly, over the course of the study, there was a consistent tendency for ANIT-treated IL-10 KO mice to have less hepatocellular injury than WT mice. However, changes in the biliary epithelium differed in that there was more histologic evidence of inflammation and necrosis on days 2 and 3, respectively, in ANIT-treated IL-10 KO mice compared with WT mice. Proliferation of biliary epithelium and hepatocytes was greater and/or occurred earlier in the ANIT-treated IL-10 KO mice compared with the ANIT-treated WT mice, suggesting a greater reparative response was needed for recovery after toxicant injury in the IL-10 KO mice. Overall, our data suggest that IL-10 KO mice have less hepatocellular injury than WT mice following a toxic dose of ANIT and that biliary epithelial injury is accentuated in the KO mice
Acute ANIT toxicity in male IL-10 knockout and wild-type mice
Faiola, B., Peterson, RA., Kimbrough, CL., Jordan, HL., & Cullen, JM. (2010). Acute ANIT toxicity in male IL-10 knockout and wild-type mice. Toxicologic Pathology, 38(5), 745-755.