Active auxin uptake by zucchini membrane vesicles: Quantitation using ESR volume and delta pH determinations
Lomax, T., Mehlhorn, R. J., & Briggs, W. R. (1985). Active auxin uptake by zucchini membrane vesicles: Quantitation using ESR volume and delta pH determinations. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 82(19), 6541-6545.
Closed and pH-tight membrane vesicles prepared from hypocotyls of 5-day-old dark-grown seedlings of Cucurbita pepo accumulate the plant growth hormone indole-3-acetic acid along an imposed proton gradient (pH low outside, high inside). The use of electron paramagnetic spin probes permitted quantitation both of apparent vesicle volume and magnitude of the pH gradient. Under the experimental conditions used, hormone accumulation was at minimum 20-fold, a value 4 times larger than what one would predict if accumulation reflected only diffusional equilibrium at the measured pH gradient. It is concluded that hormone uptake is an active process, with each protonated molecule of hormone accompanied by an additional proton. Experiments with ionophores confirm that it is the pH gradient itself which drives the uptake