Focusing specifically on subsea cable landings beginning in 2009, we found that gross domestic product (GDP) per capita was 6.9 percent greater by 2015 than it otherwise would have been. We also found that, although there was no change in national employment levels, there was a shift toward services. More than 400,000 service-sector jobs replaced old-economy ones.
Relative to the number of new jobs, there is much greater economic output. This means that the connectivity delivered by subsea cables has translated into impressive growth in GDP per capita mostly by facilitating modernization and enhanced productivity in the Malaysian economy.