Decentralization for high-quality education Elements and issues of design

By Frank Healey, Luis Crouch

As developing countries seek to improve the quality of their education systems, one approach they are considering is decentralization. But transforming a centralized system into one that is decentralized and high quality is a complex undertaking, one that requires, among other things, a coherent design. This report details an approach for creating a viable design for a high-quality decentralized education system—an approach that is premised on sound principles such as economies of scale, speed of transaction, and customer satisfaction, and which has "effective schools" as the focal point of the method.


Healey, F., & Crouch, L. (2012). Decentralization for high-quality education: Elements and issues of design. (RTI Press Publication No. OP-0008-1208). Research Triangle Park, NC: RTI Press.

© 2019 RTI International. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.


Frank HealeyF. Henry Healey, PhD, is a senior education scientist in the International Development Group at RTI International. He works with education systems around the world and across the United States to design and implement policy and reform strategies aimed at widespread and sustainable development.

Luis CrouchLuis Crouch, (PhD, Agricultural Economics, University of California, Berkeley) is Chief Technical Officer within the International Development Group at RTI International. He has provided policy advice on data and finance to many governments around the world, has a long record of using data for policy advice, and has written extensively on the use of data for development planning and service improvement.

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