In defense of orthopedic medicine and referral to in-office services

he 2009 Developing Outpatient Therapy Payment Alternatives study, funded by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid and published by RTI International in 2012, found that between 2004 and 2009, physical therapy expenditures increased by 57 percent in independently-owned physical therapy practices while decreasing 38 percent in physician-owned settings.