Characteristics of low-income racial/ethnic minority pregnant women screening positive for alcohol risk
Washio, Y., Mericle, A. A., Cassey, H., Daubert, A. M., & Kirby, K. C. (2016). Characteristics of low-income racial/ethnic minority pregnant women screening positive for alcohol risk. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, 18(4), 850-855. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10903-015-0238-5
The current study examined the prevalence and characteristics associated with alcohol risk among low-income, predominantly racial/ethnic minority pregnant women in an urban area. We surveyed 225 pregnant women receiving nutritional care. Twenty-six percent screened positive for alcohol risk. Current smoking status (AOR 2.9, p = 0.018, 95 % CI [1.2, 7.0]) and a history of marijuana use (AOR 3.1, p = 0.001, 95 % CI [1.6, 6.2]) were the strongest predictors of alcohol risk status. This study underscores the need for screening for alcohol risk, smoking, and illicit drug use among low-income, racial/ethnic minority pregnant women and highlights the usefulness of the TWEAK in identifying alcohol risk in WIC settings.