Alteration of frontal EEG asymmetry during tryptophan depletion predicts future depression
Allen, J. J. B., McKnight, K., Moreno, F. A., Demaree, H. A., & Delgado, P. L. (2009). Alteration of frontal EEG asymmetry during tryptophan depletion predicts future depression. In Journal of Affective Disorders (pp. 189-195) https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2008.08.003
Background: Tryptophan depletion (TD) reduces brain serotonin and may induce acute depressive symptomatology, especially among those with a history of Major Depression. Depressive response to TD among euthymic patients with a history of depression also predicts future depression. Better prediction might result by assessing a putative endophenotype for depressive risk, frontal electroencephalographic (EEG) asymmetry, in the context of TD. Method: Nine euthymic history-positive participants and nine controls were administered TD. Symptomatic and EEG frontal asymmetry data were collected for 6??h following TD, and clinical status was followed for the next 12??months. Results: The magnitude of TD-induced change in frontal EEG asymmetry significantly predicted the development of depression during the ensuing six to twelve months, and with greater sensitivity than symptomatic response. Limitations: The results are tempered by the small sample size. Conclusions: Despite the limited sample size, these preliminary results suggest that TD-induced changes in frontal EEG asymmetry may provide a more sensitive indicator of risk for imminent depression than symptomatic response to TD. ?? 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.