Mathematical-modeling of liquid-junction photovoltaic cells: III. Optimization of cell configurations
A one-dimensional mathematical model of the liquid-junction photovoltaic cell was coupled with primary resistancecalculations to predict the optimal performance of three cell configurations. Two cells are considered in which thesemiconductor is illuminated from the electrolyte side and one in which the semiconductor is illuminated from thecurrent-collector side. An economic analysis is presented based upon these results. The performance of the liquid-junctionphotovoltaic cell is dependent upon the design, surface area, and placement of the counterelectrode and currentcollectors.