Research priorities for seafood-dependent livelihoods under ocean climate change extreme events
Ojea, E., Ilosvay, X. E., Salgueiro Otero, D., Rubio, I., Tidd, A. N., Vasquez Caballero, S., Bueno-Pardo, J., Alguión, A., Barazzetta, F., & Ameneiro, J. (2023). Research priorities for seafood-dependent livelihoods under ocean climate change extreme events. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 61, Article 101264. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cosust.2023.101264
The current magnitude of ocean extreme events already exceeds the end-of-the-decade scenario estimates, and therefore incremental adaptation measures will render insufficient for seafood-dependent livelihoods. Nevertheless, transformational change is deemed promising, but uncertainties remain as to what activates such processes and how maladaptation outcomes can be avoided. While the science on extreme events is advancing fast, little is known about livelihood adaptation and transformation processes in the context of single or compound ocean extreme events. We identify a set of research priorities: 1) the identification of hotspot areas for coastal compound extreme events, 2) the development of bottom-up case study analysis of adaptation to extreme events, 3) the identification of constrainers and enablers to livelihood adaptation and transformation under abrupt change, and 4) directing research to contribute to climate-change policy. An effort addressing these key gaps will inform seafood-dependent livelihood adaptation policies for the 2030 Agenda and beyond.