Tobacco use among lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender young adults varies by sexual and gender identity
Delahanty, J., Ganz, O., Hoffman, L., Guillory, J., Crankshaw, E., & Farrelly, M. (2019). Tobacco use among lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender young adults varies by sexual and gender identity. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 201, 161-170. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2019.04.013
BACKGROUND: Research shows that tobacco products are disproportionately used by sexual and gender minorities, known collectively as those who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT). While usage varies within this population by identity, differences in tobacco use patterns are not well understood. The present study uses evaluation data for This Free Life, a tobacco public education campaign from the FDA, to examine differences in tobacco use among LGBT young adults by subgroups based on sex at birth, gender and sexual identity.
METHODS: Data are from 4,057 18-24 LGBT young adults who completed the baseline This Free Life evaluation survey in 2016. Multivariable logistic regression models examined differences in tobacco use (cigarettes, cigars, hookah and electronic nicotine products) and poly use (2+ of any product, 2+ combustibles, at least one combustible and one noncombustible) between LGBT subgroups (cisgender gay males, cisgender bisexual males, cisgender lesbian/gay females, cisgender bisexual females and gender minorities).
RESULTS: Sexual minority females were more likely than gay males to use any tobacco product, electronic nicotine products and hookah. Cisgender bisexuals were more likely than gay males and gender minorities to use electronic nicotine products. Cisgender bisexual males were less likely than all other groups to use cigarettes. Cisgender sexual minority females were more likely than gender minorities to engage in poly use.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest that sexual minority females are more likely to use tobacco than other subgroups. More research can help campaign developers better understand reasons for intragroup differences in tobacco use among LGBT subgroups.