X-ray-induced specific-locus mutations in the ad-3 region of two-component heterokaryons of Neurospora crassa, IX. Mutational spectra as a function of X-ray dose
In previous studies, X-ray-induced specific-locus mutations in the adenine-3 (ad-3) region of a two-component heterokaryon (H-12) of Neurospora crassa were combined with a series of tester strains carrying markers in the ad-3 and immediately adjacent regions to map mutants that were presumed multilocus deletions (de Serres, 1989c, 1990a). Two new classes of X-ray-induced mutations were recovered: multiple-locus mutations consisting of gene/point mutations at the ad-3A or ad-3B locus with a closely linked recessive lethal mutation, or multilocus deletions covering the ad-3A, ad-3B and/or nic-2 loci with a closely linked recessive lethal mutation (designated ad-3R + RLCL and [ad-3]IR + RLCL, respectively). Thus, the ad-3 specific-locus assay can detect damage occurring at the ad-3A and the ad-3B loci, as well as at a minimum of 19 other loci in the immediately adjacent regions. The original overall spectrum of ad-3 mutations can be resolved, by genetic analysis, into a series of 30 subclasses. In the present paper, the data from the genetic analysis of 832 X-ray-induced mutants recovered from a series of 4 experiments (Webber and de Serres, 1965) have been presented in terms of Mutational Spectra organized as a function of X-ray dose. Comparison of these Spectra demonstrates the shift from high percentages of gene/point mutations (with a high percentage of mutants at the ad-3B locus showing allelic complementation) at low doses, to low percentages of gene/point mutations (with a low percentage of ad-3B mutants showing allelic complementation) and high percentages of multilocus deletion mutations and multiple-locus mutations (of genotype ad-3R + RLCL or [ad-3]IR + RLCL) at high doses. These Mutational Spectra demonstrate the marked dose-dependence of X-ray-induced specific-locus mutations in a eukaryotic organism
De Serres, F. (1991). X-ray-induced specific-locus mutations in the ad-3 region of two-component heterokaryons of Neurospora crassa, IX. Mutational spectra as a function of X-ray dose. Mutation Research, 246(1), 15-30.