We conducted a genome-wide scan in 46 pedigrees, with 671 phenotyped adults, from the independent nation of Samoa to map quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for adiposity-related phenotypes, including body mass index (BMI), abdominal circumference (ABDCIR), percent body fat (%BFAT), and fasting serum leptin and adiponectin. A set of 378 autosomal and 14 X chromosomal microsatellite markers were genotyped in 572 of the adults. Significant genetic correlations (0.82-0.96) were detected between pairs of BMI, ABDCIR, %BFAT and leptin. Suggestive linkages were found on 13q31 (LOD = 2.30 for leptin, LOD = 2.48 for %BFAT, LOD = 2.04 for ABDCIR, and LOD = 2.09 for BMI) and on 9p22 (LOD = 3.08 for ABDCIR and LOD = 2.53 for %BFAT). Furthermore, bivariate linkage analyses indicated that the genetic regions on 9p22 (bivariate LOD 2.35-3.10, LOD(eq) (1df) 1.88-2.59) and 13q31 (bivariate LOD 1.96-2.64, LOD(eq) 1.52-2.21) might harbor common major genes with pleiotropic effects. Other regions showing suggestive linkage included 4q22 (LOD = 2.95) and 7p14 (LOD = 2.64) for %BFAT, 2q13 for adiponectin (LOD = 2.05) and 19q12 for BMI-adjusted leptin (LOD = 2.03). Further fine mapping of these regions may help identify the genetic variants contributing to the development of obesity in Samoan adults.
A whole genome linkage scan identifies multiple chromosomal regions influencing adiposity-related traits among Samoans
Dai, F., Sun, G., Aberg, K., Keighley, E. D., Indugula, S. R., Smelser, D., ... Roberts, S. T. (2008). A whole genome linkage scan identifies multiple chromosomal regions influencing adiposity-related traits among Samoans. Annals of Human Genetics, 72(Pt 6), 780-792. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-1809.2008.00462.x