In vivo characterization of a novel inhibitor of CNS nicotinic receptors
Damaj, M. I., Wiley, J., Martin, B. R., & Papke, R. L. (2005). In vivo characterization of a novel inhibitor of CNS nicotinic receptors. European Journal of Pharmacology, 521(1-3), 43-48.
There are multiple types of nicotine acetylcholine receptors (nAChR) in the brain associated with synaptic function, signal processing, or cell survival. The therapeutic targeting of nicotinic receptors in the brain will benefit from the identification of drugs, which may be selective for their ability to activate or inhibit a limited range of these receptor subtypes. We previously identified a family of bis-tetramethylpiperidine compounds as selective inhibitors of neuronal-type nicotinic receptors. In the present study we describe the in vivo effects and properties of 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidin-4-yl heptanoate (TMPH), a novel inhibitor of neuronal nicotinic receptors. Delivered systemically, this drug can block central nervous system effects of nicotine, indicating that this drug is able to cross the blood-brain barrier and access sites in the brain. Unlike the prototype CNS-active nicotinic inhibitor, mecamylamine, TMPH blocked some but not all of the CNS effects of nicotine, indicating that it has a unique selectivity for specific receptor subtypes in the brain. The nAChR subtypes that mediate the locomotor effects and hypothermic effects of nicotine appear to be less sensitive to TMPH than those which mediate analgetic effects and discriminative stimuli. These results indicate that TMPH may possess unique selectivity for specific nicotinic receptor subtypes. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved