Trace amine-associated receptor 1 agonists RO5263397 and RO5166017 attenuate quinpirole-induced yawning but not hypothermia in rats
Increasing evidence suggests that trace amine-associated receptor 1 (TAAR1) is an important modulator of the dopaminergic system. Existing molecular evidence indicates that TAAR1 regulates dopamine levels through interactions with dopamine transporters and D2 receptors. However, investigations to date have not been exhaustive and other pathways may be involved. In this study, we used a well-described set of behaviors, quinpirole-induced yawning and hypothermia, to explore the potential interaction of TAAR1 and D3 receptors, which are members of the 'D2-like' dopamine receptor subfamily. Previous studies have shown that for D2/D3 receptor agonists, the induction of yawning is a D3 receptor-mediated effect, whereas the inhibition of yawning and induction of hypothermia are D2 receptor-mediated effects. Quinpirole produced an inverted U-shaped dose-effect curve for yawning, which was shifted downward dose-dependently by each of the TAAR1 agonists RO5263397 and RO5166017. Quinpirole also produced dose-dependent hypothermia which was not affected by either TAAR1 agonist. These results suggest that TAAR1 agonists may interact with D3 receptors and/or its downstream pathways, as opposed to D2 receptors. These findings may shed light on a previously unexplored possibility for the mechanism of TAAR1-mediated effects. Behavioural Pharmacology 28: 590-593 Copyright (C) 2017 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.