• Journal Article

Systemic uptake, albumin and hemoglobin binding of [14C]2,3-butanedione administered by intratracheal instillation in male Harlan Sprague Dawley rats and oropharyngeal aspiration in male B6C3F/N mice

Citation

Fennell, T., Morgan, D. L., Watson, S. L., Dhungana, S., & Waidyanatha, S. (2015). Systemic uptake, albumin and hemoglobin binding of [14C]2,3-butanedione administered by intratracheal instillation in male Harlan Sprague Dawley rats and oropharyngeal aspiration in male B6C3F/N mice. Chemico-Biological Interactions, 227, 112-119. DOI: 10.1016/j.cbi.2014.12.029

Abstract

2,3-Butanedione (BD) is a reactive diketone in artificial butter flavors that is thought to cause bronchiolitis obliterans in workers in microwave popcorn manufacturing. Bronchiolitis obliterans is generally not diagnosed until irreversible damage has occurred; therefore a biomarker of early exposure is needed. The potential systemic uptake of BD from inhalation exposure has not been evaluated. The objective here was to evaluate the systemic exposure of BD and binding to hemoglobin and albumin. [14C]BD was administered to male Harlan Sprague Dawley rats (100mg/kg, intratracheal instillation) and B6C3F1/N mice (157mg/kg, oropharyngeal aspiration). Blood and plasma was collected 24h after administration and analyzed for 14C content. At 24h, 0.88+/-0.07% of the administered dose was in rat blood, 0.66+/-0.06% in rat plasma, 0.38+/-0.13% in mouse blood and 0.17+/-0.05% in mouse plasma. Albumin binding in rats was 269+/-24.2ng equiv./mg, which accounts for 38% of the radioactivity in plasma. In mice, binding was 85.0+/-22.3ng equiv./mg albumin, which accounts for 51% of the radioactivity in plasma. The binding to hemoglobin in rats was 38.2+/-17.6ng equiv./mg, and to globin was 29.1+/-3.96ng equiv./mg. In mice, the binding to hemoglobin was 16.2+/-9.0ng equiv./mg. The site(s) of adduction on hemoglobin and albumin was investigated by mass spectrometry. In rat globin, arginine adducts were detected at R-30 and R-104 of the beta chain in vitro and in vivo. In rat albumin, adducts were detected in vitro on R-219/221, R-360, and R-368, and in vivo on a variety of arginine residues. This study demonstrated that BD enters the systemic circulation and reacts with arginine on hemoglobin and albumin. These results indicate that hemoglobin and albumin adducts may be useful as biomarkers of BD exposure in humans