Synthesis, monoamine transporter binding properties, and behavioral pharmacology of a series of 3 beta-(substituted phenyl)-2 beta-(3 '-substituted isoxazol-5-yl)tropanes
Carroll, F., Pawlush, N., Kuhar, M. J., Pollard, G. T., & Howard, J. L. (2004). Synthesis, monoamine transporter binding properties, and behavioral pharmacology of a series of 3 beta-(substituted phenyl)-2 beta-(3 '-substituted isoxazol-5-yl)tropanes. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 47(2), 296-302.
Several 3beta-(substituted phenyl)-2beta-(3-substituted isoxazol- 5- yl)tropanes (3a-t) were evaluated for their ability to inhibit radioligand binding at the DAT, 5-HTT, and NET as well as in gross observation and locomotor activity in mice and in rats trained to discriminate cocaine. All compounds showed high affinity for the DAT. The IC50 values ranged from 0.5 to 26 nM. With the exception of 3e and 3f, which have no substituent on the 2beta-(1,2-isoxazole) ring, all compounds were selective for the DAT relative to the 5-HTT and NET. No compound showed death when dosed at 100 mg/kg; however, most compounds did show signs typical of dopamine activity. The ED50 values for 2beta-(1,2-isoxazoles) that caused locomotor stimulation ranged from 0.2 to 12.8 mg/kg. Most compounds showed slower on-set and longer duration of action relative to cocaine. Surprisingly, 3beta-(4-methylphenyl)-2beta-[3-(4'-chlorophenyl)isoxazol-5-yl]tropane (3p) and 3beta-(4-methylphenyl)-2beta-[3-(4'-methylphenyl)isoxazol-5-yl]tropane (3r) did not produce significant increases in locomotor activity. In the cocaine discrimination test, all analogues showed full or at least 50% generalization with the exception of 3p, which did not show generalization. Importantly, both the locomotor activity and the cocaine discrimination ED50 values were correlated with the DAT binding but not 5-HTT and NET binding. This provides further support for the dopamine hypothesis of cocaine abuse. High DAT affinity and selectivity, increased locomotor activity with slow onset and long duration of action, and generalization to cocaine shown by the 3beta-(substituted phenyl)-2beta-(3-substituted isoxazol-5-yl)tropanes are properties thought necessary for a pharmacotherapy for treating cocaine abuse