• Journal Article

Synthesis, ligand binding, and quantitative structure-activity relationship study of 3 beta-(4'-substituted phenyl)-2 beta-heterocyclic tropanes: evidence for an electrostatic interaction at the 2 beta-position

Citation

Kotian, P., Mascarella, S., Abraham, P., Lewin, A., Boja, J. W., Kuhar, M. J., & Carroll, F. (1996). Synthesis, ligand binding, and quantitative structure-activity relationship study of 3 beta-(4'-substituted phenyl)-2 beta-heterocyclic tropanes: evidence for an electrostatic interaction at the 2 beta-position. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 39(14), 2753-2763.

Abstract

A set of 3 beta-(4'-substituted phenyl)-2 beta-heterocyclic tropanes was designed, synthesized, and characterized. We discovered that these compounds can function as bioisosteric replacements for the corresponding WIN 35,065-2 analogs which possess a 2 beta-carbomethoxy group. Several of the compounds showed high affinity and selectivity for the dopamine transporter (DAT) relative to the serotonin and norepinephrine transporters. From the structure-activity relationship study, the 3 beta-(4'-chlorophenyl)-2 beta-(3'-phenylisoxazol-5-yl)tropane (5d) emerged as the most potent and selective compound. The binding data for 2 beta-heterocyclic tropanes were found to show a high correlation with molecular electrostatic potential (MEP) minima near one of the heteroatoms in the 2 beta-substituents. In contrast, low correlations were found for other MEP minima near the 2 beta-substituent as well as for calculated log P or substituent volume. These quantitative structure-activity relationship studies are consistent with an electrostatic contribution to the binding potency of these WIN 35,065-2 analogs at the DAT