• Journal Article

Studying the community corrections field: Applying neo-institutional theories to a hidden element of mass social control

Citation

DeMichele, M. (2014). Studying the community corrections field: Applying neo-institutional theories to a hidden element of mass social control. Theoretical Criminology, 18(4), 546-564. DOI: 10.1177/1362480614526276

Abstract

The growth in US incarcerated populations has produced unintended negative consequences for other justice system agencies. The community corrections field is faced with two related problems stemming from prison growth: (1) significant growth in populations under supervision and (2) populations with higher needs for service. I apply a theoretical framework adapted from organizational sociological research to address change and stasis as isomorphic processes. Criminologists rarely situate the community corrections field within broader theoretical perspectives. Instead, correctional researchers have studied the emergence, adjustment, and use of prisons in modern society, with community supervision considered a part of institutional corrections. I argue that contemporary explanations for correction policies need to be refined to account for specific trends within the community corrections field