Stigma and Discrimination as Barriers to PMTCT and HIV Care and Treatment for Maternal, Neonatal, and Child Health
Turan, J., Nyblade, L., & Monfiston, P. (2012, July). Stigma and Discrimination as Barriers to PMTCT and HIV Care and Treatment for Maternal, Neonatal, and Child Health. Presented at AIDS 2012, Washington, DC.
Global goals have been set of virtual elimination of vertical transmission of HIV and 50 percent reduction in HIV-related maternal mortality by the year 2015.
Substantial progress has been made in expanding prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) services, yet uptake and utilization of these effective interventions are still very low in many settings.
There is mounting evidence demonstrating an urgent need to examine and respond to demand-side barriers in women’s lives that affect initiation and retention in PMTCT programs.
Key among these barriers are stigma and discrimination (S&D)—specifically, fears around disclosure of HIV status; fears around confidentiality; and fears of being discriminated against by the community, family, and male partners.