• Article

Social physique anxiety, body esteem, and social anxiety in bodybuilders and self-reported anabolic steroid users

Social physique anxiety, upper body esteem, social anxiety, and body dissatisfaction were examined among self-reported anabolic steroid (AS)-using bodybuilders, non-using bodybuilders, athletically active exercisers, and non-exercising individuals. Results indicate that:

1. (a) the AS-using bodybuilder group had significantly lower levels of social physique anxiety than non-user groups.

2. (b) AS-using bodybuilders have significantly higher upper body strength ratings than do non-users (non-using bodybuilders, athletically active exercisers, and non-exercisers)

3. (c) no differences among groups on a measure of social anxiety. Implications for further research and intervention are discussed in terms of the differences between anabolic steroids and other substances of abuse.

Citation

Schwerin, M., Corcoran, K. J., Fisher, L., Patterson, D., Askew, W., Olrich, T., & Shanks, S. (1996). Social physique anxiety, body esteem, and social anxiety in bodybuilders and self-reported anabolic steroid users. Addictive Behaviors, 21(1), 1-8. DOI: 10.1016/0306-4603(95)00031-3