Sensitivity of binding of high-affinity dopamine receptor radioligands to increased synaptic dopamine
Gatley, S. J., Gifford, A. N., Carroll, F., & Volkow, N. D. (2000). Sensitivity of binding of high-affinity dopamine receptor radioligands to increased synaptic dopamine. Synapse, 38(4), 483-488.
PET and SPECT studies have documented that D2 radioligands of moderate affinity? but not radioligands of high affinity, are sensitive to pharmacological challenges that alter synaptic dopamine levels. The objective of this work was to determine whether the brain kinetics of high-affinity radioligands for dopamine D1 ([H-3]SCH 23390) and D2 ([I-123]epidepride) receptors were altered by a prolonged elevation of synaptic dopamine induced by the potent cocaine analog RTI-55. Mice were injected intravenously with radioligands either 30 min after or 4 h before intraperitoneal administration of RTI-55 (2 mg/kg). In separate experiments, the pharmacological effects of RTI-55 were assessed biochemically by measuring uptake of dopamine in synaptosomes prepared from RTI-treated mice and behaviorally by monitoring locomotor activity. Consistent with the expected elevation of synaptic dopamine, RTI-55 induced a long-lasting decrement in dopamine uptake measured ex vivo, and a prolonged increase in locomotor activity. RTI-55 injected prior to the radioligands induced a significant(P < 0.05) increase in striatal concentration of [I-123]epidepride at 15 min, relative to saline-treated controls, but there were no differences between the two groups at later time-points. For [H-3]SCH 23390, both initial striatal uptake and subsequent clearance were slightly increased by preadministration of RTI-55. Administration of RTI-55 4 h after the radioligands (i.e., when it was presumed that a state of near equilibrium binding of the radioligands had been reached), was associated with a significant reduction of striatal radioactivity for both radiotracers. Our results are consistent with increased competition between dopamine and radioligand for binding to both D1 and D2 receptors after treatment with RTI-55. We suggest that the magnitude of the competition is reduced by failure of the receptor binding of high-affinity radioligands to rapidly attain equilibrium. (C) 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc