• RTI Press Publication

Second Chance Act adult offender reentry demonstration projects. Evidence-based practices Prosocial behavior change techniques

Motivational Interviewing (MI) Used in All Adult Offender Reentry Demonstration Project Grantees
Program and partner staff in all seven sites reported receiving some training on
motivational interviewing (MI), and most Adult Offender Reentry Demonstration Project (AORDP) grantees had at least some program staff or partners who reported using MI in their regular interactions with participants.
However, there was signification variation across the grantees regarding (1) the extent to which MI training was systematically introduced, (2) how much training was offered, (3) whether MI training was provided by a credentialed or certified trainer, and (4) the quality assurance procedures that were in place to support the appropriate use of MI. Although the use of MI was not required by the Second Chance Act grant program at the time the seven AORDP sites were funded, it is viewed as an evidenced-based practice critical to recidivism reduction and reentry success and therefore, important to consider in these sites.
Use of Incentives and Sanctions Limited Across the Grantees
Three grantees marked program completion either with recognition ceremonies or certificates of completion, but only two (Florida and New Jersey) described formal incentive structures. Furthermore, stakeholders indicated they would like to offer incentives, such as gas or grocery gift cards, but could not because of policy restrictions. Similarly, most of the grantees had not developed sanctions for the AORDP programs; many of the service-providing staff indicated a
reluctance to address nonparticipation or other noncompliance with punitive measures.


Buck Willison, J., Rossman, S., Lindquist, C., Hardison Walters, J., & Lattimore, P. (2017). Second Chance Act adult offender reentry demonstration projects. Evidence-based practices: Prosocial behavior change techniques. Research Triangle Park, NC: RTI Press.