Reversal of activity profile in analogs of the antiprogestin RU 486: effect of a 16 alpha-substituent on progestational (agonist) activity
Cook, C., Wani, M., Lee, Y. W., Fail, P., & Petrow, V. (1993). Reversal of activity profile in analogs of the antiprogestin RU 486: effect of a 16 alpha-substituent on progestational (agonist) activity. Life Sciences, 52(2), 155-162.
16 alpha-Ethyl-17 beta-acetyl substitution in the D-ring of steroids having an 11 beta-aryl-4,9-dien-3-one structure resulted in compounds with strong progestational activity. These compounds caused endometrial proliferation in the uterus of estrogen-primed rabbits with a potency greater than that of progesterone and had no detectable antiprogestational activity in this model. This is in stark contrast with the marked antiprogestational activity in rabbits, rats and humans reported for most 11 beta-aryl-4,9-diene-3-keto steroids such as RU 486 and its 17 beta-acetyl-17 alpha-acetoxy analog, 17 alpha-acetoxy-11 beta-(4-N,N-dimethylaminophenyl)-19-norpregna-4,9-diene- 3,20-dione. Examination of structure activity relationships in combination with computer aided molecular modelling suggests that a binding interaction of the 16 alpha-ethyl group with the progesterone receptor (PR) or the PR-progestin response element complex may play the major role in this reversal of activity profile