Prisoner reentry services: What worked for SVORI Evaluation participants? Final report
Identifying programs and services that improve the criminal justice outcomes of released prisoners is an important objective if the United States is to reduce the $40 billion annually devoted by state governments to corrections without compromising public safety. This report presents the results from a secondary analysis of data collected for a large multi-site evaluation of state and local reentry initiatives, the Serious and Violent Offender Reentry Initiative (SVORI; see, e.g., Lattimore & Visher, 2009; Lattimore, Visher, Winterfield, Lindquist, & Brumbaugh, 2005; Lattimore, Steffey, & Visher, 2010; Lattimore, Visher, & Steffey, 2011). These data include extensive, detailed information on background characteristics, including criminal and employment history and substance use; treatment and service needs; services and program receipt; and outcomes across multiple domains, including criminal justice, employment, health (including substance use and mental health), and housing. These interview data were augmented by administrative records for arrests and incarcerations that were updated for the current study and provide a minimum of 56 months of post-release recidivism information. The data were analyzed to examine the questions of “what works, for whom, for how long, and at what cost?” in prisoner reentry programs. In addition, a search of death records identified 55 individuals who participated in the original evaluation who had died as of spring 2011.