Pregnant women and children's exposure to tobacco and solid fuel smoke in southwestern India
To examine factors associated with smoke exposure among pregnant women in rural India.
We conducted a survey of exposure to second-hand smoke (SHS) and solid fuel smoke (SFS) among 736 pregnant women. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were computed using logistic regression models to assess the relationship between demographic variables and exposure to SHS and to SFS.
While few respondents smoked cigarettes, 19.9% of women and 27.8% of children were frequently or always exposed to SHS, and 43.5% were at high and 46.7% at medium risk for SFE. Low educational levels and illiteracy were associated with exposure.
Smoke exposure is a serious health risk for many poor women and children in India.
Kelly, P. J., Goudar, S. S., Chakraborty, H., Moore, J., Derman, R., Kodkany, B., ... Bloch, M. (2011). Pregnant women and children's exposure to tobacco and solid fuel smoke in southwestern India. Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, 24(7), 973-977. DOI: 10.3109/14767058.2010.537411