Performance-Based Funding Systems in Adult Education: Assessing State and Local Implementation
The Adult Education and Family Literacy Act (AEFLA)—Title II of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998—is a fundamental component of the federal workforce investment system. Intended to ensure all Americans are equipped with the skills necessary for employment, citizenship, and a better quality of life, the act allocates federal resources to states so they can assist adults in obtaining the basic education and literacy skills necessary to function in society.
Eliminating many of the administrative requirements contained in earlier legislation, AEFLA provides states with considerable flexibility in allocating resources to local providers. In return, states are required to adopt strategies to improve program quality and to concentrate funding on successful programs. To assess how effective eligible agencies are in improving their programs on an ongoing basis, states are required to develop performance accountability systems to collect data on core indicators contained in the AEFLA. In some states, these performance results are being used to allocate resources to local providers.