• Journal Article

Nonmedical prescription pain reliever and alcohol consumption among cannabis users

Citation

Novak, S., Peiper, N., & Zarkin, G. (2016). Nonmedical prescription pain reliever and alcohol consumption among cannabis users. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 159, 101-108. DOI: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2015.11.039

Abstract

BACKGROUND: This study examined poly-drug use involving the use of cannabis with nonmedical prescription pain reliever use (NMPR) and alcohol use. METHODS: Computer-assisted survey data from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health were examined. The NSDUH is an annual, cross-sectional survey of non-institutionalized citizens in the United States (ages 12+). Replicate analyses were conducted using the 2013 and 2003 survey waves. RESULTS: Higher levels of cannabis use were consistently associated with more frequent consumption of prescription pain relievers, with findings replicating in both 2013 and 2003. While the prevalence of dual users declined from 2003 (2.5%) to 2013 (2.3%), the average number of days used among dual users increased by an average of 20 days over that period. These changes largely occurred among those aged 35 or older, males, whites, and non-illicit drug users. Past-year marijuana use increased by 16% (10.8-12.6%, p-value