Multiwavelength absorbance of filter deposits for determination of environmental tobacco smoke and black carbon
A multiwavelength optical absorption technique has been developed for Teflon filters used for personal exposure sampling with sufficient sensitivity to allow apportionments of environmental tobacco smoke and soot (black) carbon to be made. Measurements on blank filters show that the filter material itself contributes relatively little to the total absorbance and filters from the same lot have similar characteristics; this makes retrospective analysis of filters quite feasible. Using an integrating sphere radiometer and multiple wavelengths to provide specificity, the determination of tobacco smoke and carbon with reasonable accuracy is possible on filters not characterized before exposure. This technique provides a low cost, non-destructive exposure assessment;alternative to both standard thermo-gravimetric elemental carbon evaluations on quartz filters and cotinine analyses from urine or saliva samples. The method allows the same sample filter to be used for assessment of mass, carbon, and tobacco smoke without affecting the deposit. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved
Lawless, P., Rodes, C., & Ensor, D. (2004). Multiwavelength absorbance of filter deposits for determination of environmental tobacco smoke and black carbon. Atmospheric Environment, 38(21), 3373-3383.