Models of management systems for the operation and maintenance of rural water supply and sanitation facilities.
The actual number of people served by water supply and sanitation (WSS) facilities is often less than supposed because many facilities are either inoperative or operating at less than design capacity. In such cases, it is usually that management systems have failed to provide the necessary guidance and structure for effective operation and maintenance (OW). This report considers the many issues and actors that influence the development of O&M management systems for rural WSS facilities in developing countries. It describes models in eight representative countries and offers ,guidance to planners and designers in selecting the most appropriate one.