Mental Health Services for Homeless, Runaway and Throwaway Youth (HRTY): Findings from a National Survey of HRTY Service Providers
Greene, J. M., & Crum, L. (2005, December). Mental Health Services for Homeless, Runaway and Throwaway Youth (HRTY): Findings from a National Survey of HRTY Service Providers. Presented at American Public Health Association Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, PA.
Homeless, Runaway, and Throwaway Youth (HRTY) are widely recognized as having dramatically higher rates of mental health problems than other adolescents. However, relatively little research has been conducted to identify the range of mental health services available to these youth, to examine service utilization and satisfaction, or to identify innovative or promising programs. To address the need for information in this area, SAMHSA's Center for Mental Health Services funded the "Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services for Homeless, Runaway, and Throwaway Youth" study.
Data collection for this nationally representative, multi-site study was completed in the fall of 2004. As part of this study, site visits were conducted to 64 randomly selected HRTY programs across the U.S. During the visits, three data gathering efforts were conducted: structured interviews with site administrators (N=64), qualitative interviews with site staff and staff of referral organizations (approximate N=200), and CAPI interviews with youth receiving services from the sites (N=531).
This study offers the unique opportunity to understand service delivery from the perspective of both providers and clients. In this presentation, we will provide detailed findings on the availability of mental health services, service provision models utilized, and the perceived effectiveness of services. Data will also be presented on estimated need for services and history of service utilization as reported by youth. Data will be presented by program type (i.e., residential vs. nonresidential, urban vs. rural). Innovative practices and implications of findings for improving service provision to HRTY will be discussed.