Measurement of Diphenylhydantoin in 0.1 ml Plasma Samples: Gas Chromatography and Radioimmunoassay Compared
Concentrations of diphenylhydantoin in 364 plasma samples have been measured both by radioimmunoassay and with a recently developed gas-chromatographic method, which requires only 0.1 ml of plasma per determination. There was an excellent correlation between values obtained by the two methods (r = 0.986), and in only 11 plasma samples did the results differ by more than 20%. Of the investigated samples, 105 were obtained from uremic patients. For these, an equally good agreement was obtained between the two methods. Within-assay variance was 3.1% for the immunoassay and 3.3% for the gas-chromatographic procedure. Without automatic pipetting equipment, the radioimmunoassay procedure took twice as long as the chromatographic assay, and the cost of chemicals was considerably higher. Nevertheless, the better sensitivity of the radioimmunoassay makes it of great value, especially in children, because plasma samples of 10 to 20 mul can be used.
L'Estrange Orme, M., Borga, O., Cook, C., & Sjoqvist, F. (1976). Measurement of Diphenylhydantoin in 0.1 ml Plasma Samples: Gas Chromatography and Radioimmunoassay Compared. Clinical Chemistry, 22(2), 246-249.