• Journal Article

Integrated implementation of programs targeting neglected tropical diseases through preventive chemotherapy: Identifying best practices to roll out programs at national scale

Citation

Hanson, C., Weaver, A., Zoerhoff, K., Kabore, A., Linehan, M., Doherty, A., ... Ottesen, E. (2012). Integrated implementation of programs targeting neglected tropical diseases through preventive chemotherapy: Identifying best practices to roll out programs at national scale. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 86(3), 508-513. DOI: 10.4269/ajtmh.2012.11-1589

Abstract

In 2006 the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) established the Neglected Tropical Disease (NTD) Control Program to support national governments in developing successful, cost-efficient NTD programs that integrate disease-specific programs into coordinated national initiatives, in accord with the World Health Organization recommendations. A 3-stage 'roll-out package' has been developed for effectively integrating and scaling up such programs to full-national scale. Stage-1 lays the groundwork-identifying NTD leadership within the Ministry of Health, conducting a national Situation Analysis, formulating a multiyear Plan of Action, and undertaking a funding gap analysis. Stage-2 focuses on scaling up the integrated NTD program-convening national stakeholder meetings, developing annual work plans, carrying out disease mapping, and establishing monitoring and evaluation activities. Stage-3 aims at ensuring effective management-identifying clear roles and responsibilities for partners, and creating a central coordinating mechanism. Assessment and reassessment of these complex NTD programs that target literally billions of people are essential to establish 'best practice' strategies for long-term public health success