• Journal Article

Identifying structural features on 1,1-diphenyl-hexahydro-oxazolo[3,4-a]pyrazin-3-ones critical for Neuropeptide S antagonist activity

Citation

Zhang, Y., Gilmour, B., Navarro, H., & Runyon, S. (2008). Identifying structural features on 1,1-diphenyl-hexahydro-oxazolo[3,4-a]pyrazin-3-ones critical for Neuropeptide S antagonist activity. Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters, 18(14), 4064-4067. DOI: 10.1016/j.bmcl.2008.05.098

Abstract

A series of 7-substituted 1,1-diphenyl-hexahydro-oxazolo[3,4-a]pyrazin-3-ones were synthesized and tested for Neuropeptide S (NPS) antagonist activity. A concise synthetic route was developed, which features a DMAP catalyzed carbamate formation. 4-Fluorobenzyl urea (1c) and benzyl urea (1d) were identified as the most potent antagonists among the compounds examined. Structure-activity relationships (SARs) demonstrate that a 7-position urea functionality is required for potent antagonist activity and alkylation of the urea nitrogen (1e) or replacement with carbon or oxygen (5a) results in reduced potency. In addition, compounds with alpha-methyl substitution (1b) or elongated alkyl chains (1h and 1j) had reduced potency, indicating a limited tolerance for 7-position substituents