• Report

The Health and Economic Impact of New York's Clean Indoor Air Act

Citation

Engelen, M., & Farrelly, M. (2007). The Health and Economic Impact of New York's Clean Indoor Air Act. New York State Department of Health.

Abstract

One of the central programmatic goals for the New York Tobacco Control Program (NYTCP) is to eliminate nonsmokers’ exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS). A key step toward achieving this goal was the enactment of the comprehensive Clean Indoor Air Act (CIAA) (Public Health Law, Article 13-E) -- prohibiting smoking in virtually all workplaces, including bars, restaurants, bowling facilities, taverns, and bingo halls -- on March 26, 2003. This report describes the health and economic impact of the CIAA, as well as indicators of compliance with and public support for the law, and attitudes toward SHS. The report presents the following key findings: Exposure to SHS among nonsmokers statewide declined in the year following CIAA. Exposure to SHS declined markedly among hospitality workers as did self-reported sensory irritation (eye, nose, and throat). Surveys of New Yorkers and direct observations indicate declines in smoking in hospitality venues. Exposure to SHS in worksites more broadly has not changed. Compliance with the law is high in hospitality venues. Public support for the law is strong and has increased steadily over time. The law has not had an adverse financial impact on bars and restaurants.