Gaining Ground: High Schools Closing the Achievement Gap
Anderson, S., Fitzgerald, R., Bugarin, R., Calderon, S., Porter, K., & Medrich, E. (2004). Gaining Ground: High Schools Closing the Achievement Gap. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education, Office of Vocational and Adult Education, Office of Correctional Education.
This paper describes some of the issues associated with defining what it means to "close the achievement gap." It proposes definitions and a research methodology for describing school-level success in closing the gap.