Factors related to and consequences of adherence to antiretroviral therapy in an ambulatory HIV-infected patient cohort
In a confidential medication adherence questionnaire completed by 255 participants in the HIV Outpatient Study (HOPS) between March and November 1999, 33% reported skipping antiretroviral doses within the previous 3 days. The respondents, with a median age of 41, were predominantly male (86%), white (62%), and highly educated (33% had some post-high school training but no college degree and 39% had a college degree; only 11% had less than a high school diploma). Twenty-one percent had a history of injection drug use, 12% were unemployed, and 18% had Medicaid insurance. Questions about difficulty taking antiretroviral medications or drug holidays identified an additional 16% of patients experiencing adherence problems and explained significantly more of the failure to achieve undetectable viral loads than simply querying about skipped doses
Deloria-Knoll, M., Chmiel, JS., Moorman, AC., Wood, KC., Holmberg, S., & Palella, FJ. (2004). Factors related to and consequences of adherence to antiretroviral therapy in an ambulatory HIV-infected patient cohort. AIDS Patient Care and STDs, 18(12), 721-727.