Excitation current dependent cathodoluminescence study of InGaN/GaN quantum wells grown on m-plane and c-plane GaN substrates
InGaN/GaN quantum wells (QWs) grown with identical conditions on m-plane and c-plane GaN substrates were studied by cathodoluminescence spectroscopy. At a low current of 10 nA, the emission intensity and wavelength of the m-plane aligned QWs were found to be about two times stronger and 19.5 nm blueshifted with respect to that of the c-plane aligned QWs. An increase in the current over three orders of magnitude was found to result in an increase in the emission intensities, with faster saturation in the m-plane aligned QWs. This was explained by the screening of quantum-confined Stark effect in the emission efficiency of the c-plane aligned QWs.