Evaluating the Impact of an Integrated Resource Center on Access to Drug Treatment by Homeless Injection Drug Users
Wenger, L. D., Gee, L., & Kral, A. H. (2005, December). Evaluating the Impact of an Integrated Resource Center on Access to Drug Treatment by Homeless Injection Drug Users. Presented at American Public Health Association Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, PA.
Background: The Mission Neighborhood Resource Center (MNRC) is an integrated resource center providing basic needs services (showers, bathrooms, laundry), counseling, case management, and health care to homeless individuals in San Francisco. The MNRC provides services from a harm reduction perspective; it is low threshold and active drug users can participate in all services provided. The objective of this study is to assess whether MNRC participants are more likely than those in a comparison group to access drug treatment services.
Methods: Homeless injection drug users (IDUs) were recruited from MNRC and an adjacent neighborhood and followed over 6 months (N=184). They were interviewed about social services utilization. San Francisco's Community Substance Abuse Service's centralized drug treatment database (CSAS) was queried to assess whether participants entered drug treatment and which type of treatment they entered.
Results: 23% female; 36% under 40 years old; 37% African American, 46% white, 8% Latino. Per self-report, the percent of MNRC clients who entered drug treatment in the past 6 months increased from 22% at baseline to 41% at follow-up (p
Conclusions: An integrated resource center can facilitate homeless IDUs' entry into drug treatment.