• Journal Article

Environmental-Stress and Reproductive Success in the Common Marmoset (Callithrix-Jacchus-Jacchus)

Citation

Johnson, E. O., Kamilaris, T. C., Carter Porges, C., Gold, P. W., & Chrousos, G. P. (1991). Environmental-Stress and Reproductive Success in the Common Marmoset (Callithrix-Jacchus-Jacchus). American Journal of Primatology, 25(3), 191-201. DOI: 10.1002/ajp.1350250306

Abstract

The present report documents the breeding success of a new colony of common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus jacchus) and demonstrates a correlation between environmental stress and reproductive success. Environmental conditions ranged chronologically over 40 months, through four periods: I) the initial period, when the colony was formed; II) a phase of relative environmental stability; III) a stage of 'environmental stress' (when the colony was disrupted by nearby construction); and IV) a return to a stable environment. Examination of reproductive status during each period indicated that the colony exhibited severe reproductive suppression during the time of the environmental disruption. Parity and the number of live births decreased and the number of spontaneous abortions increased during this period. Reproductive success remained low during period IV. More triplets than twins were born during the period of relative environmental stability