Enhancement of the discriminative stimulus effects of phencyclidine by the tetracycline antibiotics doxycycline and minocycline in rats
Munzar, P., Li, H., Nicholson, K. L., Wiley, J., & Balster, R. L. (2002). Enhancement of the discriminative stimulus effects of phencyclidine by the tetracycline antibiotics doxycycline and minocycline in rats. Psychopharmacology, 160(3), 331-336.
Rationale: Tetracycline antibiotics share some neuroprotective and CNS effects with N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists. Objectives: The acute effects of two tetracycline antibiotics were compared to those of the prototypic NMDA antagonist phencyclidine (PCP). Methods: The effects of minocycline (10-56 mg/kg) and doxycycline (10-56 mg/kg) were evaluated in Sprague-Dawley rats trained to discriminate 2.0 mg/kg IP of PCP from saline under a fixed ratio schedule of food presentation. Results: Even though minocycline and doxycycline did not substitute for PCP, pretreatment with 32 mg/kg of either drug produced leftward shifts in the PCP dose-response curve. The 32 mg/kg dose of minocycline also produced a leftward shift in the dose-response curve for dizocilpine (MK-801), another NMDA channel blocker, in the same subjects. Conclusions: Tetracycline antibiotics may interact either directly or indirectly with NMDA receptors. This suggests that they might be utilized in treatment of brain disorders in which NMDA receptor over-activation has been implicated