Empirical Studies of Non-Industrial Private Forest Management: A Review and Synthesis
Beach, R. H., Pattanayak, S. K., Yang, J. C., Murray, B. C., & Abt, R. C. (2002). Empirical Studies of Non-Industrial Private Forest Management: A Review and Synthesis.
Forest policies and management increasingly rely on economic models to explain behaviors of landowners and to project forest outputs, inventories, and land use. However, it is unclear whether the existing econometric models offer general conclusions concerning NIPF management or whether the existing results are model and/or data specific. In this paper, we systematically review the empirical literature on NIPF management and confirm four primary factors as determinants of management: market drivers, policy variables, owner characteristics, and plot/resource conditions. We rely on the most basic form of meta-analysis, vote counting, to combine information from many studies to produce more general knowledge concerning the key determinants of reforestation and silvicultural treatments. We find that targeted policies and market prices are the most commonly studied in reforestation models, a modeling choice that is somewhat justified by their statistical influence. We conclude with some methodological and policy suggestions.