Effects of SR 141716A after acute or chronic cannabinoid administration in dogs
Lichtman, A. H., Wiley, J., LaVecchia, K. L., Neviaser, S. T., Arthur, D. B., Wilson, D. M., & Martin, B. R. (1998). Effects of SR 141716A after acute or chronic cannabinoid administration in dogs. European Journal of Pharmacology, 357(2-3), 139-148.
The effects of N-(piperidin-1-yl)-5-(4-chlorophenyl)-1-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-4-methyl-1H -pyrazole-3-carboxamide HCl (SR 141716A), a specific cannabinoid receptor antagonist, were assessed in the dog static ataxia test after either acute treatment with two cannabinoid receptor agonists, Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol and arachidonylethanolamide (anandamide), or chronic treatment with Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol. As previously reported, acute intravenous (i.v.) injected Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol produced dose-dependent cannabinoid effects, including marked static ataxia, prancing, loss of muscle tone, and incoordination. The behavioral profile of anandamide was distinctly different in that it produced a loss of muscle tone and considerable sedation with little static ataxia, prancing, or incoordination. Despite these qualitative differences between the two agonists, SR 141716A blocked the acute behavioral effects of both drugs indicating a cannabinoid receptor mechanism of action. Interestingly, SR 141716A was able to precipitate a withdrawal syndrome in Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol-tolerant dogs, but failed to produce any observable effects in dogs receiving chronic vehicle injections. Acute toxicity caused by anandamide, which was not blocked by SR 141716A, precluded conducting dependence studies with this drug. The Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol precipitated withdrawal syndrome included diarrhea, vomiting, excessive salivation, decreases in social behavior, and increases in restless behavior and trembling. This is the first demonstration of a precipitated withdrawal syndrome in a non-rodent species. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved