Effects of the generation of single-stranded DNA on the maintenance of plasmid pMV158 and derivatives in Lactococcus lactis
The effects of the single-strand origins (SSOs) of the broad-host-range streptococcal plasmid pMV158 on (i) the conversion of its single-stranded (ss) DNA replication intermediates to double-stranded (ds) plasmid DNA and (ii) its maintenance were analyzed. pMV158 is distinguished from most other plasmids that replicate by the rolling-circle mechanism by the presence of two single-strand origins of replication, palA and palU. In this paper the results obtained with Lactococcus lactis are presented; complementary studies with Bacillus subtilis are presented in the accompanying paper (Meijer et al., 1995). In the presence of both SSOs, no ss plasmid DNA was observed in L. lactis. The removal of either palA or palU resulted in the appearance of low amounts of ssDNA. High amounts of ssDNA were detected, however, when both SSOs were deleted. The results indicated that both SSOs were active, albeit that palU was the most effective of the two. In the presence of both SSOs, the plasmid was stably maintained in L. lactis under nonselective growth conditions. Also, the derivatives containing only one of the two SSOs were maintained rather stably. In contrast, the derivative devoid of both SSOs was poorly maintained. It was concluded that, in the absence of a functional SSO, the generation of large amounts of ssDNA drastically reduces the maintenance of pMV158 in L. lactis. The results also showed that the presence of the plasmid-located mob gene, required for conjugative mobilization, was involved neither in the accumulation of ssDNA nor in the maintenance of pMV158
Meijer, W. J., van der Lelie, D., Venema, G., & Bron, S. (1995). Effects of the generation of single-stranded DNA on the maintenance of plasmid pMV158 and derivatives in Lactococcus lactis. Plasmid, 33(2), 91-99.