• Journal Article

Effects of the 5Th and 7Th Grade Enhanced Versions of the Keepin' It Real Substance Use Prevention Curriculum

Citation

Elek, E., Wagstaff, D. A., & Hecht, M. L. (2010). Effects of the 5Th and 7Th Grade Enhanced Versions of the Keepin' It Real Substance Use Prevention Curriculum. Journal of Drug Education, 40(1), 61-79. DOI: 10.2190/DE.40.1.e

Abstract

This study assessed the outcomes of adapting the culturally-grounded, middle school, substance-use prevention intervention, keepin' it REAL (kiR), to target elementary school students and to address acculturation. At the beginning of 5th grade, 29 schools were randomly assigned to conditions obtained by crossing grade of implementation (5th, 7th, 5th + 7th, and control/comparison) by curriculum version [kiR-Plus vs. kiR-Acculturation Enhanced (AE)]. Students (n = 1984) completed 6 assessments through the end of 8th grade. The kiR curricula generally appear no more effective than the comparison schools' programming. Students receiving either version of the kiR intervention in only the 5th grade report greater increases in substance use than did control students. Receiving the kiR-AE version twice (both 5th and 7th grades) has benefits over receiving it once