• Journal Article

Deviant Socialization Mediates Transmissible and Contextual Risk on Cannabis Use Disorder Development: A Prospective Study

Citation

Tarter, R. E., Fishbein Launse, D., Kirisci, L., Mezzich, A., Ridenour, T., & Vanyukov, M. (2011). Deviant Socialization Mediates Transmissible and Contextual Risk on Cannabis Use Disorder Development: A Prospective Study. Addiction, 106(7), 1301-1308. DOI: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2011.03401.x

Abstract

Aims. This study examined the contribution of transmissible risk, in conjunction with family and peer contextual factors during childhood and adolescence, on development of cannabis use disorder in adulthood. Design. The family high risk design was used to recruit proband fathers with and without substance use disorder and longitudinally track their sons from late childhood to adulthood. Setting. The families were recruited under aegis of the Center for Education and Drug Abuse Research in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Participants. The oldest son in the family was studied at ages 10-12, 16, 19, and 22. Measurements. The transmissible liability index (TLI) (Vanyukov et al., 2009) along with measures of quality of parent child relationship, cooperative behavior at home, social attitudes, and peer milieu were administered to model the developmental pathway to cannabis use disorder. Findings. Affiliation with socially deviant peers and harboring non-normative attitudes (age 16) mediate the association between transmissible risk for SUD (age 10-12) and use of illegal drugs (age 19) leading to cannabis use disorder (age 22). Conclusions. Deviant socialization resulting from transmissible risk and poor parent-child relationship is integral to development of cannabis use disorder in young adulthood