• Journal Article

Development of a fluorescence-based assay to screen antiviral drugs against Kaposi's sarcoma associated herpesvirus

Citation

Nun, T. K., Kroll, D., Oberlies, N., Soejarto, D. D., Case, R. J., Piskaut, P., ... Damania, B. (2007). Development of a fluorescence-based assay to screen antiviral drugs against Kaposi's sarcoma associated herpesvirus. Molecular Cancer Therapeutics, 6(8), 2360-2370.

Abstract

Tumors associated with Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus infection include Kaposi's sarcoma, primary effusion lymphoma, and multicentric Castleman's disease. Virtually all of the tumor cells in these cancers are latently infected and dependent on the virus for survival. Latent viral proteins maintain the viral genome and are required for tumorigenesis. Current prevention and treatment strategies are limited because they fail to specifically target the latent form of the virus, which can persist for the lifetime of the host. Thus, targeting latent viral proteins may prove to be an important therapeutic modality for existing tumors as well as in tumor prevention by reducing latent virus load. Here, we describe a novel fluorescence-based screening assay to monitor the maintenance of the Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus genome in B lymphocyte cell lines and to identify compounds that induce its loss, resulting in tumor cell death