Consequences of whistleblowing for the whistleblower in misconduct in science cases. Final report
Uncovering misconduct in science, like misconduct in other areas of industry and government activities, often depends on the willingness of those aware of or suspecting misconduct to report it. Uncovering such misconduct is generally recognized to be of significant value to society and to the integrity of scientific research. However, the willingness of individuals to allege misconduct is likely to depend on how the system deals with and protects them when they come forth with their allegations. Potential whistleblowers must consider whether the allegation will be taken seriously and the report treated confidentially and whether reporting will provoke retaliation not only from those accused but also from the larger academic and scientific community.