Community-based participatory research
Viswanathan, M., Ammerman, A., Eng, E., Gartlehner, G., Lohr, K., Griffith, D., ... Whitener, L. (2004). Community-based participatory research: A summary of the evidence. Volume I. Evidence Report. (Submitted to Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD). Research Triangle Park, NC: RTI International.
Context: Community-based participatory research (CBPR) is a collaborative approach to research that combines methods of inquiry with community capacity-building strategies to bridge the gap between knowledge produced through research and what is practiced in communities to improve health. Interest is growing rapidly for academic institutions, health agencies, and communities to form research partnerships; few agreed-upon guidelines describe how to develop or evaluate CBPR proposals or what resources are required to promote successful collaborative research efforts.
Objectives: This systematic review consolidates literature on health-related CBPR. We addressed the following key questions:
Key Question 1: What defines CBPR?
Key Question 2: How has CBPR been implemented to date with regard to the quality of research methodology and community involvement?
Key Question 3: What is the evidence that CBPR efforts have resulted in the intended outcomes?
Key Question 4: What criteria and processes should be used for review of CBPR in grant proposals?